Nutritional Needs for Infants
During the first year proper nutrition is important for the mental development and growth of the child. For the first six months breast milk is the most important thing for an infant. Infants can be provided with infant formula which contains all the necessary nutrients and minerals needed for the healthy growth of a baby. Before the first six months children should not be provided with solid food as it difficult for them to chew the food. Fat is an inportant ingredient for infants. Fat has high energy content which is very good for an infant. Babies cannot eat a lot of food and thus fat is very important as small amount of fat contains a lot of energy. Fat plays an important role for the development of brain and eye. The infant body needs fat for the essential functions of the body. Lipid is a kind of fat. It works as an insulation in the body and helps to prevents body heat loss. Breast and infant formula both contains good amount of fat. Proteins are a must in an infant’s diet. It is needed for the formation of new cells and it is present in the cell structures. It is required to produce enzymes in the body which are needed for natural metabolic process in the body. It is required for the reparing of important tissues of differents organs in the body. Infants who donot have adequate protein content in their diet may suffer from kwashiorkor. Proteins are present in good amount in breast milk and infant formula. All sugars are carbohydrate. Carbohydrates contains a lot of energy which are needed for the body’s metabolic processes. It is the building blocks for essential body components. It acts a fuel to carry out different activities inside the body. It is found in breast milk and infant formulas based on cow’s milk. Omega 3 fatty acids plays a very important role in the development of the infants brain. After six months of age the baby can try to eat solid foods and cereal meals can be provided to your baby as it contains iron which is the oxygen carrier in haemoglobin. After six months try to provide your baby with fruit juices. Introduce new foods to your baby as he/she grows up. Providing sufficient water is very important. The infant needs to be provided with good amount of fluid as it is one of the most important component of the human body. After eight months introduce egg yolk to your child or soft cheese. Fibres are very important consituent in a child’s diet.
What is colic in babies?
Newborn child colic is a therapeutic term for constant and miserable crying by sound babies, who are more often than not between the ages of two and sixteen weeks. The cause of colic is generally mysterious. The baby cries for two to three hours. Related side effects may incorporate legs pulled up to the stomach, a flushed face, grasped hands, and a wrinkled forehead. Infant colic can have a bad effect on the family. The mother may suffer from depression and anger. It has been seen that babies suffering from colic have more chance of being abused. This causes the mother to stop breast feeding earlier. There are no specific reasons behind colic. Researches say that there is a relation between birth complications and the cerying of infants. There is only five percent change that childrens with colic have some real problems. The problems maybe gas refluxes or other organic diseases, pain in the stomach or muscle spasm. Colic normally fades away as the child grows up. It goes away when the child crosses the age of four month. Parents should keep themselves cool during this conditions. They should not take too much stress. If you think your child is suffering from some problem then consult a doctor or specialist and the doctor may carry out some test in order to see if there is something wrong with the baby.
Hip dysplasia in infants
This problem is associated with the hip joint. Hip dysplasia is the condition where the hip joint is not aligned perfectly in position. This may be slighty misaligned or may be severly misaligned. The joint in the hip is known as the ball and socket joint. The joints in infants are sensitive as there bones are soft and developing. Normally infants do not react to hip dysplasia as it is not painful but as they grow up the problem begins. There are no exact reasons why hip dysplasia may occur but it has been seen that it has a great chance of being passed genetically. In any of the parents suffered from this problem then there is a chance that the child will also suffer from this problem. The babies position inside the womb can cause this problem as this is an disease associated with development. During the birth mothers are administered with some kind of hormones so that the flecxibility of the ligaments can be increased and this hormones can affect the child. It has been seen that girls are more prone to hip dysplasia then boys. During the first years of the infants the infant should be handled carefully. He should not be in any awkward position. The child should be carried carefully do not force the child to be in any position you want him/her to be in. There are some treatments which can bring the infants hip joint in position. There are some harnesses which are used to hold the child’s hip joint in position until the joint becomes permanently stable. X- rays are used to see whether the joint is stable or not. Doctors generally recommend to use it all the time while some doctors recommend it to be removed while taking a bath or changing clothes. This treatment goes on for four weeks and if it does not work then the doctors may go for other treatments. If the harness does not work then doctors recommend to go for surgery but after the child has already passed the age of one year.